An ultrasound is a test that uses sound waves to show pictures of the inside of the body. It works like an echo and takes pictures by bouncing sound waves off parts inside the body. The pictures made by the sound waves are seen on a TV screen. The entire test is done from outside the body and does not hurt.
The preparation for the test depends on the part of the body being scanned.
Some ultrasounds do not require any special preparation. If pictures of your abdomen are required you will receive instructions to fast for four hours before the test. If pictures of the kidneys or pelvis are required a full bladder is needed and clear fluids should be consumed as requested. Carbonated (fizzy) drinks should not be given.
The sonographer or Radiologist will explain the test to you in the ultrasound room. The room is dimly lit and there is an ultrasound machine beside the table. You will need to lie down on the table and be very still. The sonographer or Radiologist will sit down on the other side of the bed and put some warm gel on the part of the body being examined. A transducer (similar to a microphone) is placed in the gel and moved around the area. The sonographer or Radiologist may ask you to hold your breath or move into a different position while the images are being taken. The gel will not hurt and is wiped off after the test.
A Radiologist looks at the pictures and sends a report to your doctor.
The sonographer or Radiologist will let you know when you can leave. After the test your can eat and drink normally, unless your doctor has told you otherwise.
The radiologist will review the pictures and send a report to your doctor. If there is a serious problem that requires treatment your doctor will be notified before you leave the department.
The results will be available at the next outpatient clinic appointment or with your GP depending on who referred you to the department.